Massive underwater coral 'skyscraper' discovered in the Great Barrier Reef stands taller than the Empire State Building at 1,640 feet



Experts surveying the Australian ocean mapped out the spire on October 20

It is the first new detached coral reef to be discovered in the last 120 years

Standing apart on the seafloor, it is located near a larger mass of reef to its west 

In height, it also dwarfs the Eiffel Tower, The Shard and the Petronas Towers

Reefs form by the growth of successive layers of coral skeleton off of the seabed


By IAN RANDALL FOR MAILONLINE

PUBLISHED: 15:38 GMT, 26 October 2020 | UPDATED: 18:22 GMT, 26 October 2020


 

엠파이어 스테이트 빌딩보다 높은 호주 그레이트 배리어 리프


   호주의 그레이트 배리어 리프에서 발견된 초고층 산호초 첨탑은 높이가 500미터인 엠파이어 스테이트 빌딩보다 높다.



미국과 호주의 연구원들은 10월 20일 약 120년 만에 처음으로 케이프 요크 해안에서 칼날과 같은 산호의 지도를 만들었다.


주변의 해저 위로 우뚝 솟은 첨탑은 서쪽으로 더 크고 판토처럼 생긴 산호초 덩어리로 따로 자랐다.


이 산호 암초의 높이는 각각 1,063피트와 1,016피트(324m, 310m)에 달하는 프랑스 에펠탑과 영국 최고층 건물인 더 샤드의 높이보다도 높다.


산호초의 성장은 처음에는 해저의 암석에, 나중에는 그것을 기초로 골격을 이루게 된다. 


그들은 해수면 아래의 이상적인 깊이에 도달할 때까지 자란다. 그리고 수천년이 넘는 세월 동안 그들은 변화하는 해수면에 적응하면서 거대한 구조물를을 형성한다.

연구용 선박 '포코르'에 탑승하고 있는 과학자들은 현재 호주를 둘러싼 바다를 12개월 동안 탐사하고 있다.


"우리는 우리가 발견한 것에 놀라고 마냥 기쁘다."라고 호주 퀸즐랜드에 있는 제임스 쿡 대학의 로빈 보먼 박사가 말했다.


그것의 밑부분에서, 칼날과 같은 암초는 폭이 약 0.5 킬로미터로 약 0.9 마일이고, 해수면 아래 131 피트(39m)까지 도달한다.


그것은 그 지역에 있는 다른 7개의 높은 독립된 암초들과 합류하는데, 대부분은 1800년대 후반에 지도를 만들었다. 여기에는 세계에서 가장 중요한 녹색 바다거북 둥지 지역인 레이네 섬의 암초가 포함된다.


발견된 지 5일 후, 이 연구팀은 슈미트 오션 연구소의 수중 로봇인 수바스티안을 잠수하여 이 새로운 암초를 탐사했다.

이 탐험대의 고해상도 영상이 온라인에서 생중계되었다.


황기철 콘페이퍼 에디터

Ki Chul Hwang Conpaper editor curator


edited by kcontents


A skyscraper-esque spire of detached coral discovered in Australia's Great Barrier Reef stands taller than the Empire State Building at 1,640 feet (500 metres) high.


A skyscraper-esque spire of detached coral discovered in Australia's Great Barrier Reef, pictured, stands taller than the Empire State Building at 1,640 feet (500 metres) high


Researchers from the US and Australia mapped out the blade-like coral mount — the first to be discovered in some 120 years — off the coast of Cape York on October 20.


Towering above the surrounding seafloor, the spire grew separately to the larger, plateaux-like mass of coral reef to its west.



The reef's height dwarfs both that of France's Eiffel Tower and The Shard — Britain's tallest building — which stand at 1,063 and 1,016 feet (324 and 310 m), respectively. 


Reefs form from the growth of successive generations of corals — first attached to rocks on the seafloor and later to the skeletons of their predecessors.


They grow up until they reach the ideal depth beneath the sea surface — and over thousands of years can form vast structures as they adapt to changing sea levels.


The scientists — who are working onboard the research vessel 'Falkor' — are presently undertaking a 12-month exploration of the ocean surrounding Australia.


The newly-discovered reef's height dwarfs that of New York's Empire State Building, France's Eiffel Tower and The Shard in London. Reefs form from the growth of successive generations of corals — first attached to rocks on the seafloor and later to the skeletons of their predecessors. They grow up until they reach the ideal depth beneath the sea surface — and over thousands of years can form vast structures as they adapt to changing sea levels




'We are surprised and elated by what we have found,' said paper author and Dr Robin Beaman of the James Cook University in Queensland, Australia.


At its base, the blade-like reef is some 0.9 miles (1.5 kilometres) in width — and reaches up to just 131 feet below the sea surface.


Researchers from the US and Australia mapped out the blade-like coral mount — the first to be discovered in some 120 years — off the coast of Cape York on October 20. Pictured, the topography of the newly-discovered reef and, behind it, a similar detached reef that had previously been mapped. Larger bodies of reef can also be seen in the background




It joins the seven other tall detached reefs in the area — most of which were mapped in the late 1800s. These include the reef at Raine Island — the world's most important green sea turtle nesting area.


Five days after making their discovered, the team dispatched SuBastian — the Schmidt Ocean Institute's underwater robot — on a dive to explore the new reef.


High-resolution footage from this expedition was live-streamed online.


'To not only 3D map the reef in detail — but also visually see this discovery with SuBastian — is incredible,' Dr Beaman added.


View full text

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8880283/Great-Barrier-Reef-Massive-detached-coral-skyscraper-stands-taller-Empire-State-Building.html


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