Take the stairs, cycle to work, or exit the metro a station early and walk

Date: April 12, 2019

Source: European Society of Cardiology


 

The New York Times


 

계단 잘 오르면 장수에 도움..“내려올 때가 문제”


 

 지난 12일 포르투갈 리스본에서 열린 유럽심장학회(European Society of Cardiology) 총회에서 발표된 논문이 큰 호응을 얻고 있다. 계단 오르기 등을 통한 근력 운동이 장수에 도움이 된다는 것이다.


브라질 리우데자네이루의 운동 의학 클리닉인 ‘클리니멕스’ 연구팀이 41~85세 3900여 명을 대상으로  6.5년간의 추적 조사 결과, 근력에서 최대치를 보인 사람들의 생존율이 가장 높았다.


연구팀은 “수명 연장을 위해 무거운 물체를 드는 근력 운동 뿐 아니라 계단을 빠르게 오르는 운동 등을 통한 근력이 더 필요하다”고 했다. 이어 “근력 운동 시 무게와 횟수에만 신경 쓰는데, ‘얼마나 빨리 할 수 있느냐’도 중요하다”면서 “계단 빨리 오르기 등 속도를 높일 수 있는 근력 운동을 보강해야 한다”고 했다.


계단 오르기는 몸 근육의 대부분이 모여 있는 허벅지, 종아리의 근력을 늘리는데 매우 좋은 운동이다. 심폐 기능도 증진시킬 수 있어 심장 건강을 위해서도 탁월한 운동법이 될 수 있다.


하지만 계단 운동은 내려올 때가 문제이다. 자칫하면 무릎 관절 뿐 아니라 경추(목뼈) 건강을 해칠 수 있기 때문이다. 건강을 위해 등산에 나섰다가 후유증으로 고생하는 중년들은 대부분 하산 과정에서 관절과 경추 부위의 통증을 경험한 사람들이 많다.


경추 디스크나 경추척수증은 가벼운 목 통증이나 손팔 저림으로 시작되는 경우가 많다. 증상이 서서히 나빠지기 때문에 악화된 후에야 병원을 찾게 된다. 늦게 진단되면 수술을 해도 그 결과가 썩 좋지 못한 경우가 많다.


산에서 가파른 곳을 내려오는 등 아래를 쳐다봐야 하는 운동은 목에 가장 나쁘다. 목을 오래 숙이는 자세나 무리한 힘이 가해지는 운동은 하지 않는 게 좋다.

 

신현철 성균관대 의대 강북삼성병원 교수(신경외과)는 “목 건강을 위해 평소 잘못된 자세나 목의 무리한 하중, 척추 주변의 근육 약화 등이 생기지 않게 주의해야 한다”고 했다.





목 질환 예방과 치료에는 땅(바닥)을 보지 않을 정도의 운동이 가장 좋다. 계단을 내려올 때나 하산할 때는 장시간 발 밑을 보면서 목에 무리한 하중이 쏠릴 수 있다. 계단 운동 시 내려올 때는 엘리베이터를 이용하거나 계단 옆의 안전대를 잡고 내려오는 것이 바람직하다.


스마트폰 화면을 쳐다보는 생활이 일상인 요즘 운동마저 목 건강을 해치는 경우가 생기는 것이다. 스마트폰을 볼 때는 어깨와 가슴을 펴고 고개를 숙이지 않도록 화면이나 모니터를 눈높이까지 올려 맞추는 게 좋다.


목이나 허리 통증이 심하다면 운동을 자제하는 것이 좋다. 충분한 휴식과 온찜질, 가벼운 스트레칭 등이 권장된다. 통증이 나아지면 일반적인 스트레칭, 걷기 운동으로 운동량을 서서히 늘려가는 게 좋다.


빨리 걸으면 발 앞을 보게 되지만, 가슴을 펴고 먼 곳을 바라보고 천천히 걸으면 목에 부담이 없다. 신현철 교수는 “천천히 걷기를 꾸준하게 하면 경추 증상을 예방하고 완화하는 데 매우 좋다”고 했다.

김용 기자 ecok@kormedi.com 코메디닷컴


edited by kcontents


Summary:

Improving fitness doesn't require doing activities you don't like. The largest study to date of cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy people found that moving more is linked to living longer, regardless of age, sex, and starting fitness level.


Improving fitness doesn't require doing activities you don't like. That's the main message of research presented today at EuroPrevent 2019. The largest study to date of cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy people found that moving more is linked to living longer, regardless of age, sex, and starting fitness level.


"People think they have to start going to the gym and exercising hard to get fitter," said study author Dr Elin Ekblom-Bak, of the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences in Stockholm. "But it doesn't have to be that complicated. For most people, just being more active in daily life -- taking the stairs, exiting the metro a station early, cycling to work -- is enough to benefit health since levels are so low to start with. The more you do, the better."


The study included 316,137 adults aged 18-74 years who had their first occupational health screening between 1995 and 2015 in Sweden. Cardiorespiratory fitness was measured using a submaximal cycle test and expressed as maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) in ml/minute/kg body weight. This is the maximum amount of oxygen the heart and lungs can provide the muscles during exercise. You can estimate your VO2 max using either submaximal cycle tests, treadmill tests, or walking tests.


Swedish national registries were used to obtain data on all-cause mortality and first-time cardiovascular events (fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, or ischaemic stroke) during 1995-2015.


The risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events fell by 2.8% and 3.2%, respectively, with each millilitre increase in VO2 max. Benefits of fitness were seen in men and women, in all age groups, and at all fitness levels. Previous studies have been too small to ascertain whether all of these subgroups profit from improving their cardiorespiratory fitness. There was no plateau of benefit in the total population, with some variation between sex- and age-subgroups.


Metro

edited by kcontents


"It is particularly important to note that an increase in fitness was beneficial regardless of the starting point," said Dr Ekblom-Bak. "This suggests that people with lower levels cardiorespiratory fitness have the most to gain from boosting their fitness."




Increasing fitness should be a public health priority and clinicians should assess fitness during health screening, said Dr Ekblom-Bak. There are simple tests that could be used. "Our previous research has shown that fitness levels in the general population have dropped by 10% in the last 25 years.2 In 2016-2017, almost every second man and woman had a low fitness level, so this is a huge problem. Fitness is needed for daily activities. Poor fitness is as detrimental as smoking, obesity and diabetes even in otherwise healthy adults, yet unlike these other risk factors it is not routinely measured."


She advised, as a rough guide, that for every additional millilitre of VO2 max there will be an average 3% risk reduction of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. "This is more motivational than just telling people they need to do better. People in the lower range of VO2 max will reduce their risk even more (9%) while those at the upper end of VO2 max will reduce their risk by 1%," she said.

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/04/190412085238.htm

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This is what the interior of Notre Dame looks like now


The sun is powerful. Imagine accidentally looking into the telescope.


Boardwalk switches colors when you change direction, then is the same color in the middle


The way forest looks from the sky


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VIDEO: Building bridges: Connecting through infrastructure - The world's longest sea crossing bridge

55km, Hong kong~ Macao and Zhuhai




VIDEO:

https://connectwithhk.economist.com/?a=2&utm_source=PaidSocial&utm_medium=Twitter&utm_campaign=HKISD&utm_content=infrastructure-video#

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South Korea Doubles Down On Gas And Renewables

By Tim Daiss - Aug 25, 2018, 12:00 PM CDT

Seoul


Korea Gas (KOGAS), South Korea’s dominant liquefied natural gas (LNG) buyer, has launched a new strategy designed to overhaul its business, worth a total investment of $9 billion (10 trillion won) that should also create 90,000 new jobs, the company said.


The move comes amid South Korean President Moon Jae-in’s pivot to replace nuclear power and coal fired thermal power plants with renewables and increased natural gas usage. South Korea is currently the world’s third largest procurer of LNG after Japan and China.


shell.co.kr



edited by kcontents


Nuclear generation accounts for nearly one third of South Korea’s electricity generation and about 22 percent of installed generating capacity, according to the U.S. Energy Administration’s (EIA) most recent analysis of the country’s energy sector. South Korea, Asia’s fourth-largest economy, currently generates 45 percent of its electricity from coal, while LNG meets 17 percent of power demand and renewables current only represent a 6 percent share.


Under Moon’s reforms, coal-fired power generation is projected to decline from 40 percent to 21 percent of electricity generation capacity by 2030, while nuclear power will drop from 30 percent to 22 percent, and be replaced by gas and renewable resources.


Details forthcoming

Details of the KOGAS 2025 program will worked out with the government, KOGAS said, adding that the project would involve supporting the natural gas industry, working on hydrogen and LNG bunkering, creating jobs, reorganization of its overseas business and driving technology development.


Some $5.4bn of the planned investment will go to domestic projects, $2.7bn to overseas projects and $900 million to innovation, by 2025. KOGAS said it would cut costs through renegotiating existing contracts, agreeing new contracts and “improving solidarity with other buyers in East Asia” to reduce tough terms, such as destination clauses.


     


In the last few years there has been a move in the LNG industry, led by Japan and India, to renegotiate long term off-take agreements, and to remove restrictive destination and other clauses, while new agreements are also offering more flexible contract terms.


Investments will also go into expanding LNG storage capacity and also into bunkering and transportation, KOGAS said. The company added that it would also focus on hydrogen, with the company planning to have a role throughout this feedstock’s value chain.

KOGAS intends to have 100 hydrogen fuel stations and distribution centers built by 2022. In addition to its operational plans, the company intends to become more profitable, in part through co-operation with private companies, with a focus on downstream gas opportunities.

Currently, Qatar is South Korea’s main LNG supplier, importing 11.75 million tonnes last year, according to BP’s Statistical Review of World Energy. Total South Korean LNG imports hit 37.96 million tonnes last year, behind Japan and China.

KOGAS was previously the single-largest buyer of LNG in the world but was supplanted by the recent creation of JERA, a Japanese joint venture.

The KOGAS plan to use to more LNG will prove a boon for the US-LNG sector, particularly in the mid-term as more projects are trying to receive FERC approval as well as attracting long term buyers for those volumes. New U.S.-based LNG projects can also offset the potential loss of Chinese funding and long term Chinese buyers by attracting more South Korean interest, something that should also give American negotiators bargaining power over their Chinese counter parts amid new trade talks in Washington on Thursday and Friday.

Moreover, Seoul has already indicated it wants to sign more deals with American LNG producers to help offset the growing trade imbalance between Washington and Seoul. However, South Korea has already made moves to reduce its trade imbalance with the U.S. last year amid pressure from President Trump.



Data from the Korea International Trade Association shows that South Korea ended up more than doubling its purchases of US semiconductor manufacturing machinery last year to $6 bn, while LNG imports increased to $806 million from only $11 million in 2016. However, according to Trump more is needed. South Korea imported its first U.S.-LNG cargoes, procured on the spot market, at the start of last year.
https://oilprice.com/Energy/Natural-Gas/South-Korea-Doubles-Down-On-Gas-And-Renewables.html
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Indonesia offers $13.2b infrastructure projects to China


The Jakarta Post

Jakarta | Tue, August 28, 2018


Investment Coordination Agency (BKPM) deputy head of investment planning Tamba P Hutapea speaks to reporters. (Courtesy of/hebei.ifeng.com)


The Indonesian government offered various infrastructure projects to China worth US$13.2 billion during a recent market sounding event attended by 90 potential investors in Guangzhou, China.




Investment Coordination Agency (BKPM) deputy head of investment planning Tamba P Hutapea said the event was held in cooperation between BKPM and the Indonesian Consulate General in Guangzhou.


The offered projects include electricity power plants under the independent power producer (IPP) scheme and toll roads in a number of regions.


“The total value of the offered projects is US$13.2 billion,” Tamba said in a press release received by The Jakarta Post on Monday.


Tamba said the government through infrastructure financing guarantee agency PT Penjaminan Infrastruktur Indonesia (PII) could give guarantees for any companies that wanted to take part in the government-to-business cooperation (KPBU) scheme.


“The government invites both domestic and international investors to take part in the government-to-business project,” he said, adding that the government’s support could be in the form of guarantees as well as fiscal and non-fiscal incentives.


Among the companies that sent representatives to the market sounding event were CCCC Industrial Investment Holding Co., Ltd.,  China Energy Engineering Group Guangdong Electric Power Design Institute Co., Ltd., Guangdong Zhiyuan New Material Co., Ltd., GD Shengda Investment Group and China Southern Power Grid Co., Ltd.


“Some of the companies have expressed interest in investing in the offered projects,” said Tamba, adding that BKPM would follow up with the companies that had expressed interest in investing in Indonesia. (bbn)

http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2018/08/28/indonesia-offers-13-2b-infrastructure-projects-to-china.html

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Record wind farm construction now underway in the US


US wind farm construction now surpasses 90 GW with strong demand from Fortune 500 brands and utilities according to second quarter results released today by the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA).


Friday, 27 July 2018

Robin Whitlock


Record wind farm construction now underway in the US


Strong demand for low-cost wind power from US utilities and other buyers, including major corporations like AT&T and Walmart this quarter, continues to drive the industry’s growth across America. Wind power’s low cost makes it one of the most competitive energy sources in many parts of the country and the low cost of wind continues to fall due to technological innovation and increased manufacturing. The five-year extension and phase out of the wind energy Production Tax Credit – which ends in 2019 – is another factor in driving growth forward.  


Fortune



edited by kcontents


“Wind power’s job creating engine just kicked into a higher gear” said Tom Kiernan, CEO of AWEA. “And all Americans will benefit as the record number of wind farms under construction begin delivering new revenue to rural communities and affordable homegrown energy to consumers.”


AWEA’s US Wind Industry Second Quarter 2018 Market Report reveals that wind farm construction now totals 5,322 MW during the second quarter of 2018, bringing total construction activity to 18,987 MW. A single new American wind turbine represents 2.32 MW of capacity on average, roughly enough to power 750 typical homes.


Beyond projects currently under construction, another 3,901 MW of new wind power capacity entered advanced development. Projects in advanced development are likely to enter construction in the near term because they have achieved a major milestone such as placing a turbine order or finding a buyer for their power. The entire near-term US wind farm development pipeline grew 13 percent over the previous quarter to a grand total of 37,794 MW under construction or in advanced development.


The US wind industry installed 626 MW this quarter, bringing year-to-date installations to 1,032 MW. Those installations mean American power capacity cracked 90,000 MW nationally, extending wind’s lead as the largest source of US renewable energy capacity. The country’s 90,004 MW of total installed wind capacity is capable of generating enough affordable, clean electricity to power over 27 million average homes.


Wind energy buyers value the ability to lock in long-term, stable prices through power purchase agreements (PPA) or direct ownership of wind farms. Wind farm developers signed 1,524 MW of PPAs during the second quarter, and the overall volume of wind capacity contracted through PPAs is up 44 percent compared to the first half of 2017. Corporate customers including AT&T, Grupo Bimbo, Walmart, and Merck & Co accounted for 56 percent of contracted capacity in the quarter, with utilities contracting the remainder.




Utilities also announced plans to add 1,491 MW of wind capacity under direct ownership, including MidAmerican’s 591 MW Wind XII project in Iowa and Ameren Missouri’s 400 MW High Prairie project in Missouri.


Offshore wind power’s growing momentum reached new heights in three New England states this quarter. In May and June, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut selected competitive bids representing 1,400 MW of offshore wind capacity for development. Project developers are now working out PPA terms with utilities. Bringing these projects online is a major step toward scaling up U.S. offshore wind, which will create American jobs, infrastructure investment and economic opportunity throughout coastal communities.


Wind energy supporters around the country will celebrate the rapid growth in U.S. wind power and the opportunity it creates for job seekers, consumers and communities during American Wind Week, which kicks off in less than two weeks from August 5-11.


Image: Amazon wind farm, North Carolina (AWEA)

https://www.renewableenergymagazine.com/wind/record-wind-farm-construction-now-underway-in-20180727


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Dr Mahathir aims to scrap Chinese deals

Aug 13 2018


By AP - August 13, 2018 @ 2:46pm

PUTRAJAYA: Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad said Monday he will seek to cancel multibillion-dollar Chinese-backed infrastructure projects that were signed by his predecessor as his government works to dig itself out of debt, and he blasted Myanmar’s treatment of Rohingya Muslims as “grossly unjust.”


Malaysia’s prime minister said Monday he will seek to cancel multibillion-dollar Chinese-backed infrastructure projects that were signed by his predecessor as his government works to dig itself out of debt, and he blasted Myanmar’s treatment of Rohingya Muslims as “grossly unjust”. —fotoBERNAMA (2018) HAK CIPTA TERPELIHARA




The Prime Minister made the comments during a wide-ranging interview with The Associated Press days before the 93-year-old leader heads to Beijing for his first visit there since returning to power in an electoral upset three months ago.


Dr Mahathir said he wants to maintain good relations with China and welcomes its investment, so long as the projects benefit Malaysia.


But he took his toughest stance yet on Chinese-backed energy pipelines and a rail project along peninsular Malaysia’s eastern coast that were struck by his predecessor, Datuk Seri Najib Razak, who faces trial on multiple charges related to the alleged multibillion-dollar looting of the 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) state investment fund.


“We don’t think we need those two projects. We don’t think they are viable. So if we can, we would like to just drop the projects,” he said from his office in the administrative center of Putrajaya.


During his time in office, Najib drew Malaysia closer to China, which sees the multiethnic Southeast Asian country as a key part of its ambitious One Belt, One Road global trade initiative. The former prime minister reached deals for the 688-kilometer (430-mile) East Coast Rail Link and the two gas pipelines in 2016.


Malaysia’s new government has already suspended work on the projects, being built by Chinese state-backed companies, and called for drastic cuts in their ballooning cost, which it estimates at more than US$22 billion. Some of that money has already been paid and could be difficult to recoup.


    


If scrapping the projects altogether isn’t doable, Malaysia will need to at least put them on hold until the future, “where perhaps the need will arise,” Dr Mahathir said.


Dr Mahathir also urged China to respect the free movement of ships throughout the South China Sea  , where China and multiple Southeast Asian nations including Malaysia have competing claims on islands and reefs — along with the rich fishing grounds and potential fossil fuel deposits around them.


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https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2018/08/400855/dr-mahathir-aims-scrap-chinese-deals

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Laos Suspends New Dam Projects Following Catastrophe


PAKSE, LAOS — 

The Laos government will suspend approval of new dams while it reviews more than 50 current projects following the catastrophic collapse of a hydropower facility late last month.


Kanya Khammoungkhoun, Deputy Director General of the Department of International Organizations at the Laos Ministry of Foreign Affairs, told VOA a wide scale review of the country’s dam projects would be launched in the wake of the disaster, which killed scores of people and displaced more than 10,000 others in two countries.



Villagers take refuge on a rooftop above flood waters from a collapsed dam in the Attapeu district of southeastern Laos, July 24, 2018.



“Over 50 dams in the country will be re-investigated and monitored closely together with the technical, double check the technical with all those dams under construction,” he said. “And the suspension of the further, of the approval of the new project until everything is further confirmed.”


On July 23, an auxiliary dam at the Xe Pian Xe Namnoy dam cluster collapsed unleashing five billion cubic meters of water onto downstream villages in Attapeu province's Sanamxai district.


An estimated 6,000 people were displaced in Laos; more than 30 have been confirmed dead and more than 100 remain missing. Rescuers hold out little hope of finding more survivors.


Some 5,000 people were also displaced about 130 kilometers downstream on the Sekong river at the northern Cambodian town of Siem Pang.


Survivors in Sanamxai district have told VOA that authorities misled them about the nature of the pending disaster hours after PNPC, the joint venture building the unfinished project, warned the dam was about to collapse.


One of the major firms in that joint venture - South Korea’s SK Engineering and Construction - repeatedly refused to comment when approached by VOA reporters at a disaster center they have set up in Sanamxai.


At a news conference on Tuesday, Lao Minister of Energy and Mines Khammany Inthirath said substandard construction, combined with unexpected rainfall, was to blame for the collapse of Saddle Dam D at the Xe Pian Xe Namnoy project, according to the Laotian Times.


Villagers carry their belongings as they evacuate after the Xepian-Xe Nam Noy hydropower dam collapsed in Attapeu province, Laos, July 24, 2018.


The official Vientiane Times reports the decision to review all current dam projects was made following a two day meeting chaired by Prime Minister Thougloun Sisoulith.


Khammoungkhoun said international experts would be welcomed to help carry out the inspections.


Maureen Harris, International River’s Southeast Asia program director, said the suspension and investigation was a positive step.




“But firstly I would say that it needs to be transparent and should involve independent expertise and it should also involve consultation with affected communities because these are elements that have been missing to date and we’ve seen that in the Xe Pian Xe Namnoy disaster,” she said. “And we’d also say it should not just apply to unapproved dams, that there are questions around dams that have secured approval.”


She added there are approximately 100 dams in Laos that are already in operation, under construction or planned, with about half falling in the later category.


“So it should go beyond that and actually should be a review of all existing dams in Laos to ensure that they're compliant with safety and other standards,” she said.

https://www.voanews.com/a/laos-dam-project-on-pause/4518337.html

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NASA names first astronauts for the inaugural commercial flights to the ISS


NASA has announced the names of the first astronauts who’ll fly to the International Space Station on American-made, commercial spacecraft.


The crews will fly to the space station on rockets built by NASA commercial partners Boeing and SpaceX. “Today, our country’s dreams of greater achievements in space are within our grasp,” said NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine, in a statement. “Today’s announcement advances our great American vision and strengthens the nation’s leadership in space.”




Nine astronauts were selected to crew the first test flights and missions of Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX’s Crew Dragon. 


“The men and women we assign to these first flights are at the forefront of this exciting new time for human spaceflight,” said Mark Geyer, director of NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, in a statement.




After each company completes their crewed test flights successfully, NASA will start the process to finally certify the spacecraft and systems for regular crew missions to the space station.


So far, NASA has contracted for six missions with each company, with as many as four astronauts crewing each commercial spacecraft.


In the 18 years that NASA has had a presence on the space station, the space agency has conducted experiments in biology, biotechnology, physics and space science that have resulted in thousands of spin-off technologies, the agency said.


With the new spaceflight capabilities through Boeing and SpaceX (initially), NASA says it will maintain a crew of seven astronauts on the space station for continued scientific research and experimentation on understanding and mitigating the challenges of long-duration spaceflight.


Eric Boe/ Photo courtesy of NASA 

Starliner Test-Flight Astronauts


Here are the astronauts who will be taking flight:


View Full Text

https://techcrunch.com/2018/08/03/nasa-names-first-astronauts-for-the-inaugural-commercial-flights-to-the-iss/


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Laos' energy ministry to join investigation into dam failure


Asia News Network 

Vientiane


The Ministry of Energy and Mines is ready to join with all stakeholders in a government mission to investigate the cause of the damage to saddle dam D at the Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy hydropower project, which resulted in serious flooding and destruction in Sanamxay district, Attapeu province.




"We have set up a committee to deal with this investigation. I think we are ready to perform our duty," the Ministry's Office Head, Dr Daovong Phonekeo, said on Thursday.  The committee would also invite countries whose companies were registered as shareholders in the Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy hydropower plant to carry out an intensive investigation including in situ checks and other methodologies as decided by the team of experts to determine the true cause of the tragedy. The World Bank and other internationally recognised independent experts would also take part in the investigation.  The Prime Minister pledged to carry out an investigation into the real cause of the collapse, to determine whether heavy rainfall or the technical standards applied to the construction of the dam was to blame. 




"The Ad Hoc Committee will assess the losses and find out the true causes," he said. While the investigation is not concluded, the committee will work with the project developers and other disaster relief agencies to seek common ground on the distribution of responsibilities in handling the tragic disaster effectively. The Ministry of Energy and Mines and the fact-finding teams agreed with the government's guidelines for the investigation, to ensure the findings were correct, objective and just for all parties concerned. Regarding compensation, Dr Daovong said the government had a clear policy to provide the best compensation package to those who had been affected by the flood, adding that the government and dam developers would do their best to make sure the compensation awarded was fair to those who had suffered losses. Minister of Energy and Mines Dr Khammany Inthirath said at a press conference on July 26 that a primary mission of the government, project developers and related agencies following emergency rescue and relief would be to concentrate on the recovery of the livelihoods of the disaster-affected people. He said the rehabilitation mission would be divided into two phases. The first short-term phase would focus on the rescue of the flood victims and provide emergency relief, while the long-term phase would deal with the reconstruction of resettlement villages, which includes the provision of accommodation and access to land so that people can earn a living. A dam builder company official told Vientiane Times the company had made a commitment to support the government to shoulder the required work to rehabilitate damaged public facilities in the impacted area as well as to work on the restoration of the well-being of the affected villagers. Since the flood occurred, the company has been actively providing assistance to the victims in terms of rescue and disaster relief.  The company is building temporary shelters in Attapeu province to house the affected families.

http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20180730000301

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