부정선거에 철퇴 맞은 미얀마...군부 쿠테타 발생 VIDEO: Crisis in Myanmar after army alleges election fraud

Explainer: Crisis in Myanmar after army alleges election fraud

By Reuters Staff


(Reuters) - Myanmar’s leader Aung San Suu Kyi and other senior figures from the ruling party were detained in an early morning raid on Monday, the spokesman for the governing National League for Democracy said.


한국도 미얀마 선거에 참여

미국도 00선거

세계는 부정선거 열풍?


Aung San Suu Kyi at a coronavirus vaccination clinic in January, Naypyitaw, Myanmar IMAGE COPYRIGHTREUTERS


1년간 비상사태 선포

00선거로 집권한 미 정부, 군부 비난


    미얀마 지도자인 아웅산 수치 여사를 비롯한 집권당 고위 인사들은 월요일 새벽 기습으로 체포되었다고 집권 국민민주연맹 대변인이 밝혔다.




미얀마 군부가 지난 11월 수치여사의 전국민주연맹(NLD)이 승리한 부정선거에 대해 "조치를 취하겠다"고 한 뒤 쿠데타에 대한 우려를 촉발시킨 데 따른 것이다.


정치범 출신으로 미얀마의 오랜 독재정권 투쟁의 수장이었던 수지가 이끄는 NLD는 11월 8일 선거에서 자신의 신생 민주정부에 대한 국민투표로 간주되어 가용 의석의 83%를 얻었다.


미얀마에서 누가 통치하는가?

노벨 평화상 수상자인 수치(75) 여사가 2015년 선거에서 압승해 수십 년간 가택연금에 시달리다가 세계적인 우상으로 변질되면서 집권했다.


2017년 수십만 명의 로힝야족이 미얀마 서부 라카인 주에서 군 작전을 피해 피난처로 피신하면서 국제적 지위가 손상됐지만 국내에서는 큰 인기를 유지하고 있다.


미얀마의 2008년 헌법과 신생 민주주의의 설계자로서 군부는 스스로를 국민통합과 헌법의 수호자로 보고 있으며, 정치체제에 있어 항구적인 역할을 수행해 왔다.


타트마도로 알려진 이 나라는 의회 의석의 25%의 선출되지 않은 쿼터를 얻으며 국방, 내무, 국경 부처를 장악하고 있어 정치의 중요한 이해관계를 보장한다.





왜 군은 최근 투표에 도전했을까?

군 당국은 여러 지역의 투표 목록에 중복된 이름과 같은 불일치를 주장했으며 선거관리위원회의 이의 제기에 대한 대응에 불만족스러워했다.


군 당국은 부정행위가 선거 결과를 바꿀 만큼 실질적인지는 밝히지 않았다.



edited by kcontents


The move came after Myanmar’s powerful military triggered worry about a coup last week after threatening to “take action” over alleged fraud in a November election won by Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD).


The NLD led by Suu Kyi, a former political prisoner and figurehead of Myanmar’s long struggle against dictatorship, won 83% of available seats in the Nov. 8 election seen as a referendum on her fledgling democratic government.


FILE PHOTO: Supporters of Myanmar's military take part in a protest against Union Election Commission, the elected government and foreign embassies in Yangon, Myanmar, January 30, 2021. REUTERS/Shwe Paw Mya Tin




WHO RULES IN MYANMAR?

Nobel Peace Prize winner Suu Kyi, 75, came to power after a 2015 landslide election win that followed decades of house arrest in a struggle for democracy that turned her into an international icon.


Her international standing was damaged after hundreds of thousands of Rohingya fled army operations into refuge from Myanmar’s western Rakhine state in 2017, but she remains hugely popular at home.


The military, as the architect of Myanmar’s 2008 constitution and fledgling democracy, sees itself as the guardian of national unity and the constitution, and it has enshrined a permanent role for itself in the political system.


Known as the Tatmadaw, it gets an unelected quota of 25% of parliamentary seats and it controls the defence, interior and borders ministries, ensuring an important stake in politics.


WHY DID THE MILITARY CHALLENGE THE LATEST VOTE?

The military alleged discrepancies such as duplicated names on voting lists in scores of districts and was unhappy with the election commission’s response to its complaints.


The military did not say if irregularities were substantial enough to have changed the election outcome.


Military chief Min Aung Hlaing is now in power IMAGE COPYRIGHTREUTERS



edited by kcontents


Its grievance was similar to that of the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), the former ruling party created by the military before it officially ceded power in 2011.


The USDP, widely seen as a military proxy, was humiliated in the election, winning only 33 of 476 available seats.


HOW DID THE NLD, OTHER PARTIES REACT TO ELECTION?

Suu Kyi has not commented on her party’s election victory, nor on the military’s complaints, but the NLD said the military’s allegations were groundless and any election flaws would not have changed the outcome.


Of the more than 90 parties that contested the vote, at least 17 have complained of mostly minor irregularities and all except the USDP are smaller parties. Election observers have said the voting was without major irregularities.


View full text

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-myanmar-politics-explainer-idUSKBN2A113H




Myanmar coup: Interview with Kyaw Win, the director of Burma Human rights Network in UK

kcontents


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