New Technique Developed for Forming Ultra-thin Concrete Roofs

October 17, 2017 /Shane Hedmond

via Youtube

Concrete can adapt to any shape its formwork calls for while it’s being placed.  While it’s POSSIBLE to make intricate designs with the material, it’s not always easy or practical to do so.  Researchers from ETH Zurich have designed a new method of forming and placing an ultra-thin, curved concrete roof system that they plan on installing on a construction project next year.


Using layers of scaffolding, edge beams, cable-bet falsework, fabric shuttering, textile reinforcement, and concrete, the structure is able to not only support itself, but do so in an extremely efficient manner.  The final prototypical structure was only between 1 1/8” and 4 ¾” (3 to 12 cm) thick and also contains an interior layer of heating and cooling coils, as well as a layer of thin-film photovoltaic cells to produce energy for the structure.


The prototype build took around 6 months from start to finish, according to the team, but when it


 is installed on a real building next year, they expect it to take between 8 to 10 weeks. The building the roof will be installed on is being referred to as the HiLo Penthouse, which will be a roof-top apartment above the NEST, which is a research and innovation building in Dübendorf, Switzerland which focuses on new building and energy technologies.


The prototype that you’ll see in the video below was a full scale model of the version to be installed later and was around 24 feet tall (7.5m) and will cover an area of about 1300 square feet (120m²).


The steel cables that were used to provide the structure for the formwork and the textile reinforcement are reusable.  The design of the steel cable was determined by an algorithm that precisely locates the cables in order to evenly distribute the force of the wet concrete. The concrete had to have just the right moisture content in order to be viscous enough to hold to the formwork but moldable enough to be sprayed using the research team’s proprietary method of spraying the concrete.


This method is similar to another concrete forming method used to construct flowing, domed buildings using concrete that a company called Binishells uses. Their method enlists the help of an air-filled bubble, called a pneumoform, to give the concrete its shape. That inflatable form can also be re-used on other projects.


Check out the video below for some more details of the prototype roof construction


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Pyrotechnic marvel to illuminate bridge launch

October 14, 2017

James Kon

BRUNEIANS are set to witness two sessions of spectacular fireworks display that will light up the skies over the capital during the grand opening of the Sungai Kebun Bridge tonight in conjunction with the Golden Jubilee Celebration of His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar ‘Ali Saifuddien Sa’adul Khairi Waddien, Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam’s Accession to the Throne.

The illustration of the Fireworks display by the Chinese fireworks companies

Sponsored by the Tiong Hwa community, the first part of the fireworks will be conducted by Howard & Sons Pyrotechnics, specially invited from Australia.

According to Andrew Howard, Director of the company, “Howard & Sons Pyrotechnics has been in Brunei working on this grand fireworks display since July. The 14-minute fireworks display will be synchronised to a specially commissioned and composed piece of music by a well known Brunei music composer.”

For the final preparation, a team of six professional pyrotechnicians have been working for the last one week.

“We are honoured to be given the opportunity to work on this very special occasion and produce a magnificent display of pyrotechnic arts on this beautiful new bridge,” Howard said.

“We have really enjoyed working in Brunei for this display and we really hope that everyone who comes to see this display will enjoy it,” he added.

He disclosed that there will be a few special effects in the show that people should look out for which include some messages shooting from bridge, a beautiful waterfall cascading from the bridge and a spectacular golden grand finale.

The second part of the fireworks is presented by Hengyi Industries Sdn Bhd and Bank of China (Hong Kong) Limited (BOCHK) to congratulate His Majesty on the Golden Jubilee of the monarch’s Accession to the Throne.

The 20-minute musical fireworks will start with displaying number ‘50’, representing the Golden Jubilee of His Majesty’s Accession to the Throne, followed by the prelude and four chapters of the pyrotechnic marvel. In addition to the integration of Bruneian and Chinese traditional music, the show also boasts some especially custom-made fireworks products, which will certainly make the audience refreshing.

This session is carried out by Hunan Dream Fireworks and Liuyang Intently Fireworks Display, two of the top fireworks companies in the world, which has put up some fantastic performances in European and African countries.

Based in Liuyang city of China’s Hunan Province which is well known as the “fireworks hometown”, Hunan Dream Fireworks and Liuyang Intently Fireworks Display have worked closely to adjust the display planning to meet the government requirements and finally come up a new version of musical fireworks that will not only be more colourful, but also minimise the closure bridges and roads.

During the 14th China-Asean Expo held in Nanning in mid-September, His Majesty had expressed satisfaction over the fireworks show after the monarch was briefed on the project by Wang Xiaolin, General Manager of BOCHK Brunei Branch.)



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Caterpillar simplifies excavation product line, cuts cabin types

by Fatima De La Cerna on Oct 15, 2017 

Caterpillar's new excavator range will be available in the Middle East in Q2 2018. 

Construction machinery manufacturer, Caterpillar, is simplifying its excavation product line by slashing the number of its platforms, cabin types, and air filters by more than half.

The US-headquartered company made the announcement during the recent unveiling of its next generation 20-ton size class hydraulic excavators at its Malaga Demonstration and Learning Centre (MDLC) in Spain.

Herwig Peschl, global marketing manager of Caterpillar, said that simplification is among the strategies the company is adopting in response to feedback from customers.

“This is not just applicable to the 20-ton size class but to all our product line,” he said. “With our current excavation series, we have 28 different platforms. We are reducing this to 12.

Read: Caterpillar to launch new excavator range in Middle East in Q2 2018


“What is a platform? A platform is a chassis; it is the hydraulics, the drivetrain, and the powertrain.”

Explaining how the change will benefit customers, he said: “The fewer platforms you have, the fewer parts you will have in the overall product line, [and] the more commonality you will have if you own different size class products.”

Peschl also revealed that the company is reducing the number of cabin types from 16 to three.

He said: “I talked recently to our customers, and [they said]: Why does my operator […] have to re-adapt to a different cab when he goes into a different size excavator?”

This feedback takes on more significance in light of reports from customers that they are having difficulty finding good operators, Peschl added.

“There will be three cabs across the whole excavation product line, whether it’s a small excavator to a large excavator. Now this is a big change and [will] really help drive benefits for our customers, make it easier for the operators to switch models, switch size classes, and still have the same controls,” he explained.

Caterpillar will also be reducing the number of air filters in its excavator range from 15 to four. These four will reportedly serve the whole product line and cut inventory costs.

On 9 October, Caterpillar launched three new excavator models: the 320, the 323 and the 320 GC. The three new products are equipped with purpose-built features designed to boost operating efficiency by 45%, reduce fuel consumption by 25%, and lower maintenance costs by 15%, according to the company.

All three also boast cabins that are installed with standard features like a keyless push-to-start button, a 203mm touchscreen monitor with jog dial keys for control, and sound-suppressed rollover protective structures (ROPS).

Programmable joystick buttons for response and pattern allow the operator to dial in productivity settings, while new viscous mounts reduce cab vibration by up to 50% over previous models to reduce operator fatigue.

Other features of the cabs include low-profile design and large front, rear, and side windows for enhanced visibility.

Customers also have the option of going for 360° visibility, a feature that combines images from several machine-mounted cameras to enhance the operator’s sight-lines in all directions.

The new models are expected to become available in the Middle East in Q2 2018.



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Fennovoima sees delay in licensing of Hanhikivi 1

18 September 2017

Impression of an AES-2006 VVER plant at Hanhikivi source  Wikipedia

edited by kcontents

Finland's Fennovoima now expects to receive the construction licence for its planned Hanhikivi 1 nuclear power plant in 2019. The company had previously expected to start construction of the plant next year, but the review of documentation related to its application is taking longer than originally envisaged.

Impression of an AES-2006 VVER plant at Hanhikivi (Image: Fennovoima)

Fennovoima submitted its 250-page construction licence application to Finland's Ministry of Employment and the Economy for the planned Hanhikivi nuclear power plant project in June 2015. The application sets out details of the plant location, the reactor type, the main safety systems, nuclear waste management, financing of the project and Fennovoima's organisation, the company said.

The government's decision to issue a construction licence will require a positive assessment of the application by the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (Stuk). Fennovoima said it is in the process of supplying the regulator with the design documentation of the plant for assessment.

Fennovoima CEO Toni Hemminki said: "We have reviewed the progress of the work and decided to reschedule our goal to obtain the permit in 2019. Taking Finnish requirements and legislation into consideration in the design work has taken more time from the plant supplier than we originally expected. Since the delivery of documents during the first two years has been slower than expected, Stuk has also been unable to carry out their own assessment work on the scale they planned."

Fennovoima said it will provide a more detailed estimate for the schedule of the construction licence documents "once the schedule has been analysed with the plant supplier".

Fennovoima began excavation work at the Hanhikivi site in Pyhäjoki in northern Finland in January last year and aims to complete infrastructure work by the end of this year. Construction of the plant - based on a Russian-designed 1200 MWe AES-2006 VVER - can only start once the construction licence has been issued. Fennovoima had planned to start building the plant in 2018, with operation beginning in 2024.

The Hanhikivi project is owned by Fennovoima, in which a 34% stake is held by RAOS Voima Oy, the Finnish subsidiary set up in 2014 by Russian state nuclear corporation Rosatom for the purpose of buying a share in the company. Russia's Titan-2 is the main contractor for the Hanhikivi project.

"Rosatom has built dozens of nuclear power plants around the world, and it is the most experienced nuclear power plant supplier in the world, so I am confident about the end results," Hemminki said. "For us, it is a big advantage that Hanhikivi 1's reference power plant, Leningrad II, will be completed in Sosnovy Bor next year. All the latest know-how and experience will be at our disposal during the construction phase."


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Engineers 3-D print high-strength aluminum, solve ages-old welding problem using nanoparticles

September 20, 2017

HRL Laboratories has made a breakthrough in metallurgy with the announcement that researchers at the famous facility have developed a technique for successfully 3D printing high-strength aluminum alloys—including types Al7075 and Al6061—that opens the door to additive manufacturing of engineering-relevant alloys. These alloys are very desirable for aircraft and automobile parts and have been among thousands that were not amenable to additive manufacturing—3D printing—a difficulty that has been solved by the HRL researchers. An added benefit is that their method can be applied to additional alloy families such as high-strength steels and nickel-based superalloys difficult to process currently in additive manufacturing.

"We're using a 70-year-old nucleation theory to solve a 100-year-old problem with a 21st century machine," said Hunter Martin, who co-led the team with Brennan Yahata. Both are engineers in the HRL's Sensors and Materials Laboratory and PhD students at University of California, Santa Barbara studying with Professor Tresa Pollock, a co-author on the study. Their paper 3D printing of high-strength aluminum alloys was published in the September 21, 2017 issue of Nature.

Additive manufacturing of metals typically begins with alloy powders that are applied in thin layers and heated with a laser or other direct heat source to melt and solidify the layers. Normally, if high-strength unweldable aluminum alloys such as Al7075 or AL6061 are used, the resulting parts suffer severe hot cracking—a condition that renders a metal part able to be pulled apart like a flaky biscuit.

HRL's nanoparticle functionalization technique solves this problem by decorating high-strength unweldable alloy powders with specially selected nanoparticles. The nanoparticle-functionalized powder is fed into a 3D printer, which layers the powder and laser-fuses each layer to construct a three-dimensional object. During melting and solidification, the nanoparticles act as nucleation sites for the desired alloy microstructure, preventing hot cracking and allowing for retention of full alloy strength in the manufactured part.


Metallurgy breakthrough

The nanoparticle-functionalized powder is fed into a 3-D printer, which layers the powder and laser-fuses each layer to construct a three-dimensional object. Credit: B. Ferguson - HRL Laboratories

Because melting and solidification in additive manufacturing is analogous to welding, HRL's nanoparticle functionalization can also be used to make unweldable alloys weldable. This technique is also scalable and employs low cost materials. Conventional alloy powders and nanoparticles produce printer feedstock with nanoparticles distributed uniformly on the surface of the powder grains.

"Our first goal was figuring out how to eliminate the hot cracking altogether. We sought to control microstructure and the solution should be something that naturally happens with the way this material solidifies," Martin said.

To find the correct nanoparticles, in this case zirconium-based nanoparticles, the HRL team enlisted Citrine Informatics to help them sort through the myriad possible particles to find the one with the properties they needed.

"Using informatics was key," said Yahata. "The way metallurgy used to be done was by farming the periodic table for alloying elements and testing mostly with trial and error. The point of using informatics software was to do a selective approach to the nucleation theory we knew to find the materials with the exact properties we needed. Once we told them what to look for, their big data analysis narrowed the field of available materials from hundreds of thousands to a select few. We went from a haystack to a handful of possible needles."

Read more at:



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Saturday, October 14, 2017

Iran Says Oil, Gas Projects Unaffected by Trump Threat

Iran Says Oil, Gas Projects Unaffected by Trump Threat

 이란의 국영회사의 고위관리는 2015년 체결한 핵협정을 취소하려는 

트럼프의 결정이 석유와 가스 프로젝트에는 영향을 미치지 않을 것이라고 말했다.

A top official at Iran's state oil company on Saturday sought to ensure that the country's key petroleum industry will not be rattled by US President Donald Trump's decision to decertify Tehran's compliance with the 2015 nuclear deal, a move that experts say can have major ramifications for its economy and energy sector.

Gholamreza Manouchehri, deputy head of the National Iranian Oil Co., told IRNA on Saturday that it is business as usual for Iran and foreign companies in oil and gas development projects.

"US government's pressure and statements have not affected the cooperation of international companies with Iran and everything is underway as usual," the official said.

In a speech on Friday, Trump ramped up his hostile rhetoric against Iran and threatened to unilaterally pull out of the nuclear accord if US Congress fails to impose new sanctions against Tehran within 60 days.

The prospect of new restrictions and fear of being punished for doing business with Iran could dissuade international companies from pursuing attractive opportunities in a market that opened up to foreign investment just this past year.

Manouchehri asserted that a $5-billion deal with France's Total to develop an offshore gas project, Iran's biggest energy deal yet after last year's lifting of sanctions, is and will continue to remain out of harm's way.

"Total is completely focused on developing South Pars Gas Field's Phase 11…we haven't felt the pinch [of Trump's speech] in the gas deal," NIOC's Manouchehri was quoted as saying.

In a phone call on Friday, French President Emanuel Macron told President Hassan Rouhani that his country, one of the signatories of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, will stand by the pact, a statement that bodes well for growing Tehran-Paris ties in the oil, gas, petrochemical and automotive industries.

Total finalized a deal in July to develop Phase 11 of South Pars, the world's largest gas field in the Persian Gulf. The French company will collaborate with China National Petroleum Corp and Iran’s state-owned firm Petropars to produce 2 billion cubic feet, or 56 million cubic meters per day of natural gas from Phase 11 of the joint gas field.

Iran's resurgence in the global crude market surprised most observers as the country was quick to stabilize production at the pre-sanctions level of around 4 million barrels per day. The country hopes to attract billions of dollars to develop its massive hydrocarbon resources and shore up crude export revenues, the lifeblood of Iran's economy for decades.

However, possible US sanctions could disrupt Iranian oil shipments of around 2.5 million barrels a day to European and Asian customers, potentially creating a void that could be filled by additional supplies from rival producer Saudi Arabia as well as emerging US shale producers.

Under the sanctions, Iran's oil output was slashed by nearly 40% as a handful of buyers shipped in about 1 million bpd of oil from the country under special waivers.

edited by kcontents


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World's largest marine park created in Ross Sea in Antarctica in landmark deal

EU and 24 countries sign long-awaited agreement to protect 1.1m sq km of water in Southern Ocean, ensuring that fewer younger fish will be caught



edited by kcontents

A landmark international agreement to create the world’s largest marine park in the Southern Ocean has been brokered in Australia, after five years of compromises and failed negotiations.

More than 1.5m sq km of the Ross Sea around Antarctica will be protected under the deal brokered between 24 countries and the European Union. It means 1.1m sq km of it – an area about the size of France and Spain combined – will be set aside as a no-take “general protection zone”, where no fishing will be allowed.

Significantly, the protections are set to expire in 35 years.

The agreement came on Friday at the conclusion of two weeks of discussions between delegates from 24 countries and the EU in Hobart, at the annual meeting of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR).

van Bloom from the US state department, the head of the US delegation to the meeting, told the Guardian he was “thrilled”.

“I think it’s a really significant moment,” he said. “We’ve been working towards this for many years. It’s taken time to get consensus but now we have established the world’s largest marine protected area.”

It is the first marine park created in international waters and will set a precedent for further moves to help the world achieve the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s recommendation that 30% of the world’s oceans be protected.

A map released by WWF showing the protected area of the Ross Sea

The Antarctic protections had been urgently sought because of the importance of the Southern Ocean to the world’s natural resources. For example, scientists have estimated that the Southern Ocean produces about three-quarters of the nutrients that sustain life in the rest of the world’s oceans. The region is also home to most of the world’s penguins and whales.

The Ross Sea is a deep bay in the Southern Ocean that many scientists consider to be the last intact marine ecosystem on Earth – a living laboratory ideally suited for investigating life in the Antarctic and how climate change is affecting the planet.

Andrea Kavanagh, the director of Antarctic and Southern Ocean work for the Pew Charitable Trusts, which has been working for years to achieve today’s result, said: “Today, CCAMLR made history by declaring the planet’s largest marine protected area in the Ross Sea.

“This landmark decision represents the first time that nations have agreed to protect a huge area of the ocean that lies beyond the jurisdiction of any individual country and shows that CCAMLR takes its role as protector of Antarctic waters seriously.”

The protections will not decrease the total amount of fish that are allowed to be caught in the Ross Sea, but it will move the industry away from the most crucial habitats close to the continent itself.

Russia has an industry catching antarctic toothfish there and the changes will push the fleet into waters where they will catch fewer immature fish, and where they won’t compete with as many orcas, who also rely on toothfish for food.

The agreement also establishes a large 322,000 sq km “krill research zone” that will allow for research catching of krill, but prohibit toothfish catching. Additionally, a 110,000 sq km “special research zone” will be established on the outside of the no-take zone, allowing catching of krill and toothfish only for research purposes.

“Today’s agreement is a turning point for the protection of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean,” said Chris Johnson, WWF-Australia’s ocean science manager. “This is important not just for the incredible diversity of life that it will protect, but also for the contribution it makes to building the resilience of the world’s ocean in the face of climate change.”

But the expiry of the protections in 35 years was a significant compromise. It came after five years of failed negotiations, with opposition from China and Russia which have fishing industries in the region.

The World Conservation Union definition of a marine protected area requires it to be permanent. “WWF has concerns that the Ross Sea agreement does not meet this standard,” Johnson said.

“We are optimistic that after years of deadlock at the annual CCAMLR meeting, today’s decision will spark renewed momentum for CCAMLR members to achieve permanent protection for the Ross Sea in coming years and also deliver marine protected areas in East Antarctica and the Weddell Sea.”

The Guardian understands that a proposal for 50 years of protection had been tabled but Russia wouldn’t agree.

Bloom said while the US and other countries preferred permanent protections, the compromise “was necessary in order for this to be adopted”.

Kavanagh said: “It can’t be overstated how difficult these negotiations were.”

“It took five years of talking about this one proposal exclusively to get it across the table. And if you look at other marine reserves that are permanent, they’re in one exclusive economic zone – it’s only one country that has to make the decision.

“And I’m positive that in 35 years, the conservation values that come out of the Ross Sea, the protections will be renewed. The world will be a different place in 35 years.”

The campaign group Avaaz had, with Leonardo DiCaprio, launched a petition calling for CCAMLR to establish “the world’s largest network of marine protected areas in the Southern Ocean, starting with the Ross Sea and East Antarctica”. It received more than 2m signatures, Avaaz said.

“There’s massive momentum in the world right now to protect our oceans,” said Luis Morago, campaign director at Avaaz. “Governments have just set the landmark target of protecting 30% of our oceans, and millions of people all over the world are pushing for more protected areas to achieve that goal. The Ross Sea is just the start.”



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Border Wall Prototypes Under Construction in California

Construction is underway on prototypes for a proposed border wall with Mexico. 

Six companies are busy putting up their vision of what a wall would look like along the border just south of San Diego. 


edited by kcontents

Construction began last month. 

A total of eight wall prototypes will be built, four with concrete and four using alternate materials. 

The prototypes will be between 18 and 30 feet high and designed to deter illegal crossings. 

They're being built on land just a few yards away from a pre-existing border fence. 

President Donald Trump has made the border wall one of his top priorities. 

But Congress will still have to approve the funding.

Crews only have 30 days to complete the project before testing begins to determine which one will work best to secure the border.

Source: Border Wall Prototypes Under Construction in California - NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth 



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China's 37th reactor enters commercial operation

18 September 2017

Unit 4 of the Fuqing nuclear power plant in China's Fujian province has completed commissioning tests and now meets the conditions for entering commercial operation, China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) announced today.

Fuqing 4 (Image: CNNC)

At 5.57pm yesterday, the 1087 MWe CPR-1000 unit completed a series of commissioning tests, including a load test run and a test run lasting 168 hours, CNNC said. Although the company must still obtain necessary permits and documentation, the unit can now be considered to be in commercial operation.

First concrete was poured for unit 4 in December 2012 and its dome was put in place in June 2014. The process of loading the 157 fuel assemblies into the reactor core began on 13 June this year and was completed six days later. The unit achieved a sustained chain reaction for the first time on 16 July and was connected to the grid on 29 July.

CNNC's Fuqing plant will eventually house six Chinese-designed pressurised water reactors, the first four being 1087 MWe CPR-1000 units. Units 1 to 3 entered commercial operation in November 2014, October 2015 and October 2016, respectively. So far, the units at Fuqing have generated 38 TWh of electricity, avoiding the consumption of over 12 million tonnes of coal and the emission of about 40 million tonnes of carbon dioxide, according to CNNC.

CNNC now has 17 power reactors in operation, with a combined generating capacity of 14,340 MWe.

China's State Council gave final approval for construction of Fuqing 5 and 6 in mid-April 2015. First concrete was poured for the fifth unit in May 2015, while that for unit 6 was poured in December. These will be demonstration indigenously-designed Hualong One reactors. CNNC expects all six units at Fuqing to be fully commissioned and put into operation in 2021.

The Fuqing nuclear power plant project is owned by CNNC subsidiary China Nuclear Power Company (51%); Huadian Fuxin Energy Company (39%); and Fujian Investment and Development Group (10%).

Researched and written

by World Nuclear News


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Netanyahu defends record on settlement expansion from hard-right critics

October 11, 2017

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu giving a TV interview [IsraelinUSA/Flickr]

The Israeli Prime Minister’s Office has defended the government’s record on settlement expansion, in response to criticism from settler leaders and hard-right politicians, including ministers.

It was reported earlier this week that Israeli authorities will shortly advance almost 4,000 settlement housing units in the occupied West Bank, but a closer examination of the details has revealed that the number of units that will be approved for immediate construction is closer to 600.

According to Haaretz, the figure includes 300 homes in Beit El, as well as 86 units in Kochav Yaakov for settlers removed from Migron outpost. 146 new homes are slated to be built in Nokdim, where Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman lives, along with 30 in Hebron and nine in Psagot.

Map of approved housing units [Haaretz]

Israeli officials cited by The Jerusalem Post claim that the government is on track to advancing plans for 12,000 settlement homes in 2017.

To date, the report stated, “plans for 5,000 settler homes have been advanced and tenders have been issued for 3,000 homes”.

Next week’s meeting of the Higher Planning Council for Judea and Samaria [the West Bank] will take the total number of settlement homes advanced through various planning stages to close to 12,000.

Israeli officials claimed this is “four times the number of plans that were debated in 2016”, including “projects for settlements that have not seen new homes in many years”.

The comments come as Netanyahu has received criticism for a perceived slow rate of settlement expansion from both his own coalition members and West Bank settler leaders. Critics include Minister Yisrael Katz, Minister Haim Katz, and Knesset Speaker Yuli Edelstein.

Shlomo Ne’eman, head of the settlers’ Gush Etzion Regional Council, said: “We cannot accept the fact that every Jewish home here requires special approval from overseas. This is not only national humiliation, it is a violation of Israel’s independence on its soil”.

He added: “It is our right and duty to build this land, settle it and be the sovereign in it. We are not denying the achievements of the prime minister, but we are demanding a courageous move that will change the system. We have to be the sovereign in this land”.

Jewish Home parliamentarian Bezalel Smotrich, meanwhile has vowed a change in “the practicalities of building” in West Bank settlements, describing this as “a requirement that the Jewish Home party must set as a red line at the opening of the Knesset’s winter session”.


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