韓国、脱原発にカジ 新設白紙、再生エネを柱に 


釜山郊外の古里原発1号機の前で、文在寅大統領が出席して行われた式典=19日、聯合・共同



2017/6/19

【ソウル=鈴木壮太郎】韓国が「脱原子力発電」にカジを切る。文在寅(ムン・ジェイン)大統領は19日、原発への依存度を減らし、液化天然ガス(LNG)や再生可能エネルギーによる発電を柱にする方針を発表した。韓国では原発が発電量の3割を占める主力電源で、「エネルギー政策の大転換」(文氏)となる。



 文氏は釜山市郊外の古里原発1号機の運転停止の記念式典で脱原発を宣言した。具体的な時期や電源別の構成などは示さなかったが「早期に脱原発のロードマップを作成する」と語った。


 新規原発の建設計画は白紙化し、設計寿命を超えた原発の稼働延長は認めない。延長運転中の月城原発1号機(南東部慶州市)は電力需給を見ながら早期閉鎖をめざす。建設中の新古里5、6号機をどうするかについては「早期に社会的合意を得る」と語った。


 発電量の4割を占め、環境汚染の一因となっている石炭火力にも大なたを振るう。新設を全面中止し、老朽化した10基を文氏の任期内に閉鎖する。代わりに石炭より環境負荷の少ないLNG火力発電の稼働率を高める。再生エネの比率を引き上げるため、関連産業を育成する。




原子力と石炭火力という2つの主力電源への依存度を下げれば、発電コストの上昇は避けられない。電力需給が逼迫する恐れもある。産業界には懸念が強いが、文氏は「産業用電力料金を見直し、産業分野の過剰消費を防ぐ。産業競争力に影響しないよう中長期的に進め、中小企業は支援する」と語った。


 韓国で廃炉になるのは古里1号機が初めてで、解体技術の獲得も課題だ。文氏は研究所を設立して廃炉を支援し、廃炉解体を事業化する考えも示した。

http://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXLASGM19H9U_Z10C17A6FF1000/


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A Real Life Saver: The OVAL Fire Extinguisher

June 22, 2017 William Lucus



Every now and then a new product comes along and you ask yourself, “why didn’t I think of that?!”  The OVAL Fire Extinguisher is just that product.  Architecture and interior design have been moving towards cleaner lines in their spaces.  Foregone are the days of bulky protruding water fountains (bubblers for my northern friends) and fire extinguisher cabinets.   Interior designers are looking for cleaner and sleeker interior spaces but the 10lb fire extinguishers and cabinets have not changed for quite some time.   OVAL is about to change all that. 


The OVAL 10lb ABC fire extinguisher, with its unique design, is just 3 inches in depth, which allows for the extinguisher and cabinet to fit fully recessed into a 2x4 wall assembly.  A standard 10lb fire extinguisher and cabinet will have a depth typically no less than 6 inches, which typically means that your cabinet will protrude from the wall 2 to 3 inches.  This allows for architects and interior designers to create cleaner and more uniform corridors.


Due to the OVAL’s new fire extinguisher design the OVAL never protrudes more than 4” even when attached to circular columns.  This may not sound that exciting, but when you reference the ADA code on maximum depth of protruding objects, the OVAL is a first of its kind.  OVAL is compliant with protruding object limits as required by ADA and ANSI A117.1, which has a maximum wall protrusion of 4 inches.  Additionally, for surface mounting applications the OVAL comes with a button hook attachment so that the fire extinguishers do not easily fall off their hooks when bumped.


The OVAL MSRP’s for $249 and can be purchased from their website or at JL Industries

OVAL 10lb ABC fire extinguisher

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Friday, June 16, 2017

160km/h flat wagon completes acceptance tests

Written by  Keith Barrow



TWO prototype intermodal flat wagons, which have been developed by Transmashholding to enable 160km/h operation of container trains, have completed acceptance testing on the Russian network.


The 1520mm-gauge wagons were tested with the support of Russian Railways’ Research and Rolling Stock Design Institute (VNIKTI) at Kolomna and the Railway Research Institute (VNIIZhT), which is based at Shcherbinka near Moscow.




The type 13-6954 wagon is designed to accommodate one 40ft or 45ft container and uses underframe components from passenger vehicles, including bogies. The vehicle is also equipped with electro-pneumatic brakes.


The contract for the first vehicles was signed at InnoTrans in Berlin last September.

http://www.railjournal.com/index.php/freight/160km-h-flat-wagon-completes-acceptance-tests.html

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China's first set of nuclear emergency robot successfully deployed

The Fukushima disaster made clear the development of nuclear emergency robots was a priority.


By CinaOggi - June 21, 2017

The first batch of nuclear emergency response robots, designed to guarantee the safety of nuclear power plants have been unveiled and already deployed.


Four nuclear emergency response robots, designed by China General Nuclear Power Corporation and the Institute of Optics and Electronics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, have been deployed at Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant in southern China's Guangdong province since last November.


The robots are responsible for both land and underwater missions, including salvaging and observations.




According to Feng Chang, a leader of the research and development team for the robots, they are able to withstand temperatures of up to 65 degrees Celsius and nuclear radiation at up to 10,000 Sv per hour.


They are not only built from a radiation-resistant material, each robot's structure is carefully planned to ensure that it is radiation-proof as a whole.


Each robot is equipped with the best radiation-resistant camera in the world.


In a work environment with nuclear radiation of 10,000 Sv per hour, the robots can still send images at 600 lines per inch.


Nuclear emergency robots

As the Fukushima crisis unfolded, the Japanese government sent a request for robots developed by the U.S. military. The robots went into the plants and took pictures to help assess the situation, but they couldn't perform the full range of tasks usually carried out by human workers. The Fukushima disaster illustrated that robots lacked sufficient dexterity and robustness to perform critical tasks.


In response to this shortcoming, a series of competitions were hosted by DARPA to accelerate the development of humanoid robots that could supplement relief efforts. Eventually a wide variety of specially designed robots were employed, but as of early 2016 three of them had promptly become non-functional due to the intensity of the radioactivity; one was destroyed within a day.




Robots are designed to respond to natural catastrophes (earthquakes, landslides, etc.) or work in buildings which have been damaged following explosions (gas, for example), terrorist or biochemical attacks.

https://china-underground.com/2017/06/21/nuclear-emergency-robots/

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Smart City Concept Model published



By Barnaby Lewis on 21 June 2017

Ten years ago, the UN announced that the human race had reached a tipping point. 2007 marked the year that more than 50 % of the world’s population lived in cities. Today, that proportion is far higher and for billions city-life is the only way imaginable. Fortunately a new ISO/IEC is helping make that ongoing growth safe and sustainable.

Published in May 2017, ISO/IEC 30182 provides, and gives guidance on, a smart city concept model (SCCM).


If there’s one thing most people can agree on it’s that cities need to be smarter. They need to be designed smart from the outset, where possible, and their ongoing growth and expansion needs to be smart. But it’s a whole lot harder to find a shared concept of what a smart city actually is. That where ISO/IEC JTC1 comes in.


At the heart of the world’s best-known and most widespread ICT standards, ISO/IEC has developed a new International Standard that provides essential ‘concepts’. These intangible components of urban living are things like place, community, service and resource. In addition to defining these concepts, ISO/IEC 30182 defines the relationships between them, such as organization’s resources, or an event at a place.


Just as there is no single city that defines what cities are in general, there is no single plan for a smart city that can apply everywhere. But by providing a conceptual model, ISO/IEC 30182 facilitates sharing of ideas, information, and solutions. This means improved circulation, reduced pollution, faster information and safer, happier people, connected to each other both physically and virtually, as a community. 


One of the aims of the International Standard is to look beyond the current use of data as a mere facilitator of city services. The goal is to encourage decision-makers to explore the reuse of data as a resource to innovate the future direction of systems and services. By exploring a number of different insights (operational, critical, analytical and strategic) ISO/IEC 30182 is relevant to both open data (shared under an open licence) and closed data (where the security and privacy of the content is protected). When the same concept model is applied to all, it becomes possible to track where statistics, and analytics have been derived from operational data, and to observe the impact of strategic decisions.




So while ISO/IEC 30182 has immediate and practical real-world applications in how urban populations can live smarter, it is much more. It’s a tool to facilitate the discussion, that for more than ten years, has been one of our planet’s most important: what are the smartest ways for populations to interconnect and make the best use of their resources.

https://www.iso.org/news/ref2197.html

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Tomorrow's Buildings: Construction industry goes robotic: VIDEO



By Jane Wakefield

The building site of the future is going to look very different to the one we are all used to today.


Instead of men in high-visibility jackets and hard hats, there are going to be drones buzzing overhead, robotic bulldozers and 3D printers churning out new structures.


That at least is the hope of those making technological solutions.

But first they have to convince the traditionally risk-averse construction industry that such change is necessary.


View Full Text

http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-35746648

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VIDEO: CAN REBRANDING CONSTRUCTION SOLVE THE LABOR SHORTAGE?

Listen to Michigan NPR podcast featuring Brindley Byrd's views on bringing new workers into the trades

 

June 20, 2017

The Michigan Construction Foundation has a smart idea - talk to the audience in the language they understand.


Videos produced by the foundation take familiar pastimes such as gaming and build the messege about construction as a career into the story. Watch:

https://www.constructionequipment.com/video-can-rebranding-construction-solve-labor-shortage


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Construction of 57 Story NYC Skyscraper That Looks like a Jenga Tower [Timelapse] 



June 20, 2017 Shane Hedmond

Standing 821 feet (250m) in the New York City skyline, the new 57-story residential tower, called 56 Leonard Street, has opened its doors to residents.  The 145 condos that inhabit the high rise range in size from 1,418 square feet to 6,400 square feet and in price from $3.5 million to $50 million.  Amazingly, even with those staggering prices, the developer told the New York Times that 92% of the units had sold in 2013, even though the tower was completed last year.


The architect, Herzog & de Meuron, designed the building to look like individual homes stacked on top of each other, giving the building its Jenga-like qualities. Only 5 of the 145 floor plans were the same, in order to break out of the sense of repetition that most traditional skyscrapers have.


“A careful investigation of local construction methods revealed the possibility of shifting and varying floor-slabs to create corners, cantilevers and balconies – all welcome strategies for providing individual and different conditions in each apartment,” the architect explained on their website.




Construction started on the tower in 2008, but was delayed by the US recession at the time. In 2012, construction began again before being completed in late 2016. 


EarthCam recently released a timelapse video of the construction process, beginning in March 2014 to December 2016, amounting to around 33 months of footage.  You can watch the video below:

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Atomexpo 2017: Amid ebbing popularity, making a case for nuclear sustainability

Rosatom currently has eight reactor units in Russia and 36 nuclear reactors in various stages of planning and construction in more than a dozen countries (the largest internationally) and eight in Russia.



Against the broader global narrative that increasingly points in the direction of a failed ‘nuclear renaissance’, the latest edition of Atomexpo in Moscow offers an emphatic counter. While there may be no denying that nuclear is in trouble, triggered first by the Fukushima incident in Japan and then tumbling natural-gas and solar prices have called into question the economics of nuclear energy itself. The latest sucker punch has come in the form of the fall of some of its pedigreed flagbearers — Toshiba’s recent decision to pull its US nuclear subsidiary Westinghouse out of the construction business, French utility Areva’s struggle with a €10 billion accumulated loss and Exelon, the largest nuclear operator in the US, facing a near 60 per cent drop in its share value compared with its peak in 2008.


In Moscow, at the ninth international nuclear industry forum Atomexpo 2017 that started here on June 19 — an expo of hi-tech solutions and products of over 90 leading international nuclear power enterprises that focus on safety and cost competitiveness — the overarching message was a reaffirmation that the nuclear business is still recession-proof in this part of the world. The forum organised by the Russian state atomic power corporation Rosatom — the largest international expo and business platform in the world — partly reflects the continuing robustness of the Russian nuclear industry that has bucked the downturn across most other geographies. India too is part of the nuclear growth story, considering that it accounted for a tenth of the 10 GW nuclear capacity added globally last year.




Valery Limarenko, the president of JSC Atomstroyexport, which is building the Kudankulam project, indicated that while work is progressing well for setting up a third and fourth reactor units at the coastal Tamil Nadu site. He said the proposed reactors to be set up at the recently signed fifth and sixth units at Kudankulam would be identical to the VVER-1000 units deployed earlier at the site. He also said he expects the Indian side to propose another site where another six reactors can be set up. India had earlier proposed the Haripur site in West Bengal, but the proposal was dropped in light of land acquisition hurdles expected in the state.


The Russian nuclear industry at the expo is represented by over 40 companies under the fold of its umbrella nuclear organisation Rosatom — not surprising considering that it comes at a time when Russia has been working hard on increasing its competitive edge in the nuclear plant construction market through serial production of new reactors across markets, including in India. Rosatom currently has eight reactor units in Russia and 36 nuclear reactors in various stages of planning and construction in more than a dozen countries (the largest internationally) and eight in Russia. These include in Jordan, Hungary, Egypt, Iran, Finland, Turkey and Argentina.


The Russian participants include Rosenergoatom Concern, TVEL Fuel Company of Rosatom, Atomenergomash group and JSC Atomstroyexport while those from abroad include the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission, Rolls-Royce of the UK, China National Nuclear Corporation, National Atomic Company Kazatomprom of Kazakhstan, Areva NP and Schneider Electric (both French).


This year, the main focus of the forum is on ‘Nuclear technology – its safety, ecology, stability, with a plenary session on the ‘atom as a basis for zero carbon energy future’. Not surprising, since the biggest threat to nuclear is perhaps not internal but from outside — solar and wind increasing the move towards grid parity that could critically knock off nuclear from its perch as the most viable non-fossil fuel-based ‘green’ option.




For Russia, the expo this year is pretty much a show of strength. This year’s edition is expected to top the economic potential of the agreements and memorandums signed on the sidelines of Atomexpo 2016 worth $10 billion.

http://indianexpress.com/article/business/business-others/atomexpo-2017-amid-ebbing-popularity-making-a-case-for-nuclear-sustainability-4712338

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